This week, we have released a new Year 7 Science course all about Mixtures and how to separate them. So, in honour of this, today’s post is science-related. We know that women rarely make the front page for scientific achievements, even more so when we’re talking about famous women scientists in history. If you don’t know many women in history who were famous for their scientific achievements, then read on and enjoy this week’s post!
Marie Curie (1867-1934)
Marie Curie is perhaps the most well-known female scientist, which is why she’s the first on our list. She was a pioneering physicist and chemist, awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903, (shared with Pierre Curie and Henri Becquerel) for her work on radioactivity. She received her second Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1911 for her discovery o radium and pollonium.
Rosalind Franklin (1920-1958)
Franklin was a chemist and x-ray crystallographer. She contributed to to the understanding of the molecular structures of DNA, RNA, viruses, coal, and graphite. Her work played a crucial role in the discovery of the DNA double helix, although she did not receive credit for it during her lifetime.
Jane Goodall (1934 to present)
Jane Goodall is a primatologist and ethologist known for her long-term study of wild chimpanzees in Gombe Stream National Park in Tanzania. Her research has provided valuable insights into the social and familial behaviour of chimpanzees.
Barbara McClintock (1902-1992)
McClintock was a geneticist and cytogeneticist who discovered transposons or “jumping genes,” for which she was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1983. Her groundbreaking work in genetics laid the foundation for the understanding of genetic regulation and stability.
Ada Lovelace (1815-1852)
Lovelace was a mathematician and writer, often regarded as the world’s first computer programmer. She collaborated with Charles Babbage on the Analytical Engine and wrote the first algorithm intended for implementation on a machine. Her work laid the groundwork for the development of modern computer programming. Sadly she died young at the age of 36, from uterine cancer.